Originated from the original invention the wheel, this piece formed by rubber of toroid shape that allows the mobility of various machines and mainly in mobile vehicles.
Their main work is to allow adequate contact by adherence and friction with the pavement, allowing the starting, braking, and steering.
They are made up of eight parts:
- Steel belt in the longitudinal direction
- Radial structure
- Camera or Tripe
Nowadays enterprises have developed tyres that do not need a camera, these are called “tubeless” due to the fact that to inflate these there is no need to use an internal air chamber for inflation. There are also reinforced tyres that are called “run flat,” and these are for anti-puncture. The guys at MP Auto Repairs (who provide tyres to Strathpine clients) it pays to invest in tread as it is the only thing holding you to the road.
Types of tyres:
There are several types of tyres, these are catalogued by their construction, thus giving three types of tyres:
- Diagonal: they are characterised by the construction of the layers, they are placed one on another, diagonally.
- Radial or with radius: in this construction the layers of material are placed one on top of the other in a straight line, without bias. This system allows providing greater stability and resistance to the top.
- Self-supporting: while these are made, the layers are placed one on top of the other in a straight line, without biasing on the flanks. This way loads a greater resistance to the cover although it also makes it more rigid. These are mostly used in highly competitive vehicles and obtain the most significant advantage of being able to run without air pressure at a limited speed, without losing their shape.
According to the use of the camera there are:
- Tube Type tyres (TT): these are those that use a camera and a specific tyre for it. They cannot be installed without a camera. It is primarily used in 4×4 vehicles and in agricultural vehicles as tractors.
- Tubeless tyres (TL): this type are those that do not use a camera. These have inside a “heel” that allows them not to release air from the rim. These same must be specific for these tyres.
- Semi-pneumatic and non-pneumatic wheels: these are rubber-only tyres and are used in small vehicles, call; forklift trucks, wheelbarrows (standard), and pedal cars. Also called semi-pneumatic rubber wheels.
Tyre semiology and dimensions
All the tyres have warnings that represent the width, the percentage of height, inches, the load capacity and the maximum speed for example; 150/80 R14 80P.
Where: 150mm wide; 80% profile; radial tyre; 14 inches; 450 kg maximum load; 150 km / h of maximum speed.
It is essential for safety to respect the safety measures they have, as well as the load index, speed code and install covers with lower rates that may because of an accident. Also, these have indications on their side that indicate the date in which the tyre was manufactured, together with the DOT brand. This indicates its date of creation with a week-year method, as well as a tyre with the DOT 3607 brand, it was manufactured in week 36 of the year 2007.
Recycling a tyre:
The tyres as any material object have a limited lifetime, and when this is finished the best option is to recycle it, the ecological option is to choose to create new tyres, this same already has several environmental advantages such as saving CO2 gases. Although it is not the only way to take advantage of the original rubber of the tyre